How To Solve Longitude And Latitude In Mathematics

Significance of Lat/long in relationship to cultural development. This tool calculates the straight line distance between two pairs of latitude/longitude points provide in decimal degrees. The North Pole is at 90 degrees latitude (or 90. " Moving to lines of longitude, they run perpendicular to lines of latitude. When looking at a map, latitude lines run horizontally. World coordinates. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. You can explore the world to find new countries to visit, or calculate the distance between countries to see how many frequent flyer miles you'll get for your next international flight. To find the latitude and longitude of Solving, please enter the location name in the control. Have you ever wondered how people figured out their latitude back in the days before the Internet? Did you know you can use the same math trick they used to. Latitude is the angle between the plane of the equator and a line connecting the point in question to the planet's. use evidence from at least five documents in your essay. Introduce the concept of latitude/longitude in degrees/minutes/seconds. Latitude & Longitude Worksheet Distribute this printable worksheet that is to be used as a supplement to the Latitude and Longitude Lesson Plan. haversine formula of the previous section from this law, one simply considers the special case where u is the north pole, while v and w are the two points whose separation d is to be determined. Each 1 o of latitude on the Earth represents 60 nautical miles, or around 110. Latitude and longitude coordinates are written as decimals with up to 4 decimal places to make sure they are accurate. There are several ways to find your latitude and longitude - some of which require many more resources than others. There's a simple approximative formula to find the length in km of 1° of longitude in function of latitude : 1° of longitude = 40000 km * cos (latitude) / 360 (and of course it gives 111 km for latitude = 90°). I need to point Pins on the map based on the places latitude and longitude information. Start studying Latitude & Longitude Quiz. On the open seas, sailors use the sky to pinpoint their latitude (how far north or south they are) and longitude (how far east or west they are). Write the name of the city and state found at the given latitude and longitude coordinates. The factor that causes students feeling difficulty in solving ratio is the students who accustomed to using the formula contained in the book. The origin of the xy-grid is the intersection of the 0-degree meridian and the equator, where x is positive East and y is positive North. Compare great-circle and small-circle routes on the surface of the Earth. 0° N) and the south poles is at -90 degrees latitude (or 90. One hour of time difference corresponds to 15° of longitude (360°/24 hours = 15°/hour). One degree is equal to 60 minutes and 1 minute is equal to 60 seconds. Each minute can be divided into 60 seconds ("). , 110°W or 30°S). The greatest amount of latitude is 90 degrees at the North or South poles. Because one day is 24 hours long one can easily use time to calculate longitude. Mystery Class provides rigorous and relevant opportunities to build concepts and skills across the curriculum. From the main page parents or children will find a simple and easy to navigate menu featuring the different levels of math games and the various math concepts that are available. The next section looks at the latitude/longitude and UTM conversions in more detail. 070000 seconds. Mathematics Stack. Math archives. Using the Latitude Longitude Coordinate System. Understanding Latitude and Longitude Latitude and Longitude: Your Global Address Every location on earth has a global address. 0° N) and the south poles is at -90 degrees latitude (or 90. Also find the definition and meaning for various math words from this math dictionary. Each degree of latitude is approximately 69 miles (111 km) apart; there is a variation due to the fact that the earth is not a perfect sphere but an oblate ellipsoid (slightly egg-shaped). Have you ever wondered how people figured out their latitude back in the days before the Internet? Did you know you can use the same math trick they used to. what is the answer for number 10 this large sea is actually a lake, and is located at 40 degrees north, 50 degrees eats. Look at the lines running left to right on the map. Note that the tool will try to reverse geocode the lat long, if it failed, only lat long will shown on the map. where the Equator and Prime Meridian meet. I need to point Pins on the map based on the places latitude and longitude information. This tool calculates the straight line distance between two pairs of latitude/longitude points provide in decimal degrees. A Lesson in Longitude and Latitude Subjects Mathematics --Measurement Social Studies --Geography Grades 3-5 6-8 9-12 Brief Description Use the country names that match the latitude and longitude points to help you solve the riddle. Calculate distance between latitude longitude pairs with Python - haversine. What is the latitude and longitude of augusta. In simple language, if you want to calculate the actual time at the place you are currently standing, it can be easily calculated by considering the longitude on which you are standing. For longitude: Find the prime meridian. Latitude is a set of imaginary horizontal lines that run parallel to the equator and are measured in degrees north or south of the equator up to 90°. Each degree can be broken into 60 minutes ('). If your latitude and longitude coordinates do not look like the decimal degrees in the previous section, our tool can likely still accept them. I even make paper hats for the students to wear to represent a hit or a miss. Latitude and Longitude : Latitude and longitude is the most common grid system used for navigation. Use your brain to solve these puzzles and trick questions before the timer runs out! 30+ Latitude And Longitude Riddles With Answers To Solve - Puzzles & Brain Teasers And Answers To Solve 2019 - Puzzles & Brain Teasers. 10,410,534. Have you ever wondered how people figured out their latitude back in the days before the Internet? Did you know you can use the same math trick they used to. Discuss whether they thought it was easy or difficult to solve the mystery. Get Latitude and Longitude. They participate in a simulation of delivering a package by following a directions on a map. But if you have opened the Compass app, and still do not see your latitude and longitude position, then you may need to turn on Location Services for the Compass app. Latitude and longitude can be expressed in several ways: 2. In particular, a 3. The form below allows you to convert Latitude and Longitude information between decimal format and degree/minute/second (DMS) format. Determine which two lines of latitude the city is in between. Calculate distance and bearing between two Latitude/Longitude points using haversine formula in JavaScript Latitude Longitude Calculator Mathematics Distance Compass Math Long Distance Relationships More information. The equator which lies halfway between the poles is a natural reference for latitude. How do I solve this maths question on longitude and latitude, someone please help to solve and explain. When implementing applications that use maps, we will typically run into the problem of coordinate conversion. Students find certain cities on the map by latitude and longitude, then plot them. Ask students to determine the latitude and longitude of their home town using Google Earth and write its coordinates in each. Latitudes are sometimes referred to as parallels, because they run parallel to one another. All about wells: How a water well is drilled - Duration: 17:22. In location field I'm unable to add both latitude and longitude. European governments offered huge prizes to solve the longitude problem. When implementing applications that use maps, we will typically run into the problem of coordinate conversion. 10,410,534. The amount of data out there via API's is increadible these days. 5 W (longitude). Latitude and longitude are imaginary lines drawn on maps which helps to locate places. Locations are measured in degrees away from this origin in north, south, east, and west directions. How for is it from Quito, Ecuador (0 degrees, 79 degrees W), to Kampala, Uganda (0 degrees, 32 1/2 degrees E) 4. Mathematical Content : Equations of lines. 0f (front and center of the screen) The Longitude and Latitude need to be in reference to the north pole of my planet. Development: Review the concepts of latitude and longitude with the class. Given 2 positions in the terms of longitude and latitude, say, (a1, b1) and (a2,b2) with. Each minute can be divided into 60 seconds (”). Zoom in to get a more detailed view. These are "lines of latitude" (drawing). These instructions are necessary for completing the Community Mapping Experiment Summary Form. Geography Quiz. The form below allows you to convert Latitude and Longitude information between decimal format and degree/minute/second (DMS) format. The most commonly used coordinate system today is latitude and longitude- angle measures, expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds. Eratosthenes was the first person to try to draw a map of the world based on a system of lines of latitude and longitude. The rewards, established through an Act of Parliament (the Longitude Act) in 1714, were administered by the Board of Longitude. Development: Review the concepts of latitude and longitude with the class. The primary unit in which longitude and latitude are given is degrees (°). Calculating Latitude From The Midday Sun If we were to measure the altitude and the bearing of the Sun at our position on the Earth’s surface, we would find that the maximum altitude during the course of a day occurs at noon when the Sun lies directly over our meridian of longitude and therefore bears north or south. An interesting topic in 3-dimensional geometry is Earth geometry. Nine important differences between latitude and longitude are discussed in this article. Discuss whether they thought it was easy or difficult to solve the mystery. Formula to Find Bearing or Heading angle between two points: navigation purpose calculating angle, bearing or heading or course in GIS. It has horizontal lines and vertical lines that intersect. Use the new Latitude/Longitude page to find the latitude and longitude of places all over the world. Note that one degree of longitude is 111 km at the equator, but less for other latitudes. Look it up now!. When the students come to class they are divided into 2 teams and play similar to the battleship game. You can explore the world to find new countries to visit, or calculate the distance between countries to see how many frequent flyer miles you'll get for your next international flight. To get GPS coordinates using Google Maps is really easy. Being able to read a map correctly will help your students to find the locations where they are going. There are 360° of longitude (180° E ↔ 180° W) and 180° of latitude (90° N ↔ 90° S). One minute of latitude is 1 nautical mile, 1. Latitude and Longitude. I have a xlsx matrix size (9884*21), I'm trying to manage a matlab code to find the exact value position in the each row corresponding to the longitude and latitude, for example; And I want to save them in new file accordingly. It can be correlated with the co-latitude. The origin of the xy-grid is the intersection of the 0-degree meridian and the equator, where x is positive East and y is positive North. Science & Mathematics Mathematics. Angola (Latitude and Longitude) Measure in centimeters the distance (Map Length) between the two points. Next, use the black yarn to add additional lines of longitude. Math, I have two questions on the transformation between (x,y) and (longitude, latitude). , 110°W or 30°S). With the help of these intersecting lines, it is convenient to locate the position of London on the map. The distance between any two lines of longitude varies with the latitude. You can also use the form at the top and type in the name of any location to search. To pinpoint your position on a map of the world you need to work out your co-ordinates, known as latitude and longitude. Two angles, latitude and longitude, specify the position of a point on the surface of a planet. For example, New York is 74. Longitude definition, angular distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured by the angle contained between the meridian of a particular place and some prime meridian, as that of Greenwich, England, and expressed either in degrees or by some corresponding difference in time. They measure east-west position. If your are interested in the math behind this calculation then you can read their explanation here. Actually, latitude and longitude are both imaginary lines drawn on a map or a globe in order to locate the position of a place or a region on the earth's surface. In particular, a 3. Lines of Latitude and Longitude, by Keith Johnson 9-12 Grade, Math. There are two ways you can go about it. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The first set of cards, showing the globe with only latitude or longitude, are 3-part cards to be used in the traditional 3-part card manner along with the definitions. Hipparchus was the first to specify the positions of places on the Earth using latitude and longitude as coordinates. Apply your method to find the precise latitute and longitude coordinates. This investigation looks at how time differences are determined by the location of a point on the globe. Suppose an observer sets his accurate watch to 12:00 at noon in Greenwich, England and then travels a great distance. The traditional way is to look up the location on a map that shows latitude and longitude and to measure the latitude using a pair of dividers. 7 million square miles) which is more than one-fifth of the world's land area. what is the answer for number 10 this large sea is actually a lake, and is located at 40 degrees north, 50 degrees eats. "Tropical latitudes improve my attitude" One degree of latitude is 60 nautical miles, 69 statute miles or 111 km. Formula and code for calculating distance based on two lat/lon locations. Latitude is the angular distance measured north and south of the Equator. Because one day is 24 hours long one can easily use time to calculate longitude. Development:Review the concepts of latitude and longitude with the class. Geography Quiz. The latitude and longitude are located on maps of the earth. Latitude is the angle between the plane of the equator and a line connecting the point in question to the planet's. These are "lines of latitude" (drawing). There are many geospatial data sets that contain data with coordinates in latitude and longitude in units of degrees. Latitude (shown as a horizontal line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator. Learning objectives should use action verbs. 33°N latitude, 112°W longitude 2. The solution to the problem depends implicitly on specific knowledge that students to whom the problem has been offered might or might not possess. The distance between any two lines of longitude varies with the latitude. This investigation looks at how time differences are determined by the location of a point on the globe. To find the latitude and longitude of Solving, please enter the location name in the control. Weekly no prep books from edHelper combine worksheets, reading comprehension, printables, and puzzles. Longitude (shown as a vertical line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds, of a point east or west of the Prime (Greenwich) Meridian. The position of any point on Earth is reported with reference to these two special lines. Apply your method to find the precise latitute and longitude coordinates. 1021° N, 18. There are sixty points on the earth's surface that have the same numerical UTM coordinates, 120 if you consider that northing is duplicated in both hemispheres. There are many real-life applications for using latitude and longitude, including scientific research to track animal movements or getting directions using satellite technology when you are lost. Find bearing angle and find direction A and B as two different points, where 'La' is point A longitude and 'θa' is point A latitude. These instructions are necessary for completing the Community Mapping Experiment Summary Form. In which ocean is the location 10 degrees S latitude, 75 degrees E longitude located?. But with increasing latitude, parallels must be spread wider and wider in order to maintain angular correctness. Under the longitude and latitude system, the Earth is divided into a grid of horizontal and vertical lines. This appears to be the opposite of this question (Distance between lat/long points). The most common wood sign latitude longitude material is wood. Find the latest How To news from WIRED. Latitude and Longitude : Latitude and longitude is the most common grid system used for navigation. The following is the formula I use in perl to do the calculations. Longitude and Latitude are the two angles that define the precision location of a point on earth or the GPS coordinates. • The term altitude can be used in several cases; • The height to a point from a datum line. Our tutorial below will show you where to find this setting. You can also use our latitude and longitude app to find China coordinates. Geodesy-PHP is a PHP implementation of some well-known geodesic functions for getting the distance from a known point A to a known point B, given their latitude and longitude. Use the new Latitude/Longitude page to find the latitude and longitude of places all over the world. dddd) A latitude or longitude with 8 decimal places pinpoints a location to within 1 millimeter,( 1/16 inch). Latitude & Longitude Worksheet Distribute this printable worksheet that is to be used as a supplement to the Latitude and Longitude Lesson Plan. Collect all the coins to answer the secret message and unlock the treasure chest!. How to Convert UTM Coordinates into Latitude and Longitude values via Excel VBA With UTM converter you can easily convert UTM coordinates into Latitude and Longitude values. There are 1150 wood sign latitude longitude for sale on Etsy, and they cost $46. 2 Date: Name: A Air samples have been collected at the Mauna Loa Observatory (MLO) on the main island of Hawai since the late 1950s and analyzed to determine the concentration of carbon dioxide (COg) in the atmosphere. They should understand that latitude is measured in relation to the equator (north or south) and longitude is measured in. There are also two fields for latitude and longitude but they don't seem to work? Am I doing something wrong, or is it not possible to simply give. Suppose an observer sets his accurate watch to 12:00 at noon in Greenwich, England and then travels a great distance. latitude and longitude Geocentric latitude and geographic latitude. Basic Geography: Latitude and Longitude. x = longitude*60*1852*cos(latitude) y = latitude*60*1852 Latitude and longitude must be in decimal degrees, x and y are in meters. 45°N latitude, 122°W longitude 5. There are several ways of determining this. Find latitude and longitude by going to the location with a GPS device. Learn about latitude and Longitude in this map skills sheet. Worksheets are Latitude and longitude, Latitude longitude and hemispheres, Latitude longitude, Finding your location throughout the world, Longitude and latitude, Latitude and longitude pre, Latitude and longitude, Latitude and longitude. Date: 01/02/2002 at 03:32:53 From: Hing C So Subject: Transformation between (x,y) and (longitude, latitude) Dear Dr. Equator and Prime Meridian The Equator and the Prime Meridian are the reference lines used to measure latitude and longitude. When we put latitude and longitude together, they form a pair of numbers that can be plotted on a map. Finding Latitude & Longitude or UTM Coordinates of a Point Activity 1. Using a spherical world globe and demonstrate that the globe is bisected north to south between the poles by an imaginary line called the prime meridian , and east to west through its center by. Latitude is a set of imaginary horizontal lines that run parallel to the equator and are measured in degrees north or south of the equator up to 90°. Using longitude and latitude to determine distance in rectangular coordinates. 7 million square miles) which is more than one-fifth of the world's land area. 43°N latitude, 79°W longitude 7. Convert lat & long to address. 080000 seconds, satellite B took 0. They participate in a simulation of delivering a package by following a directions on a map. It can either a display the GPS coordinates as a date or a time. , 90° − latitude), C is the longitude separation Δλ,. The following table lists the latitude and longitude coordinates of major world cities in alphabetical order by city name. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Latitude and longitude, Latitude longitude and hemispheres, Maps and globes, Latitude and longitude work, Student work latitude and longitude, Longitude and latitude, Finding your location throughout the world, Latitude and longitude. Unlike, latitudes, there is no obvious central longitude. The latitude longitude coordinate system uses angular measurements to describe a position on the surface of the earth. Radians per second is the angular velocity. 25°N latitude, 80°W longitude ANSWER KEY. It can also be termed as geographic latitude or geodetic latitude. To find the latitude, look at the horizontal lines running north to south from the equator. Using this Latitude and Longitude Worksheet, students use the lines of latitude and longitude to write the approximate coordinates of each shape. , 110°W or 30°S). Great britain and japan are both island nations with limited resources. I have already looked into the haversine formula and think it's approximation of the world is probably close enough. This is a good solution when you are trying to find out what are the distances between locations on Earth given the latitude and longitude coordinate values data provided by Google Maps or any Restful APIs. But if you have opened the Compass app, and still do not see your latitude and longitude position, then you may need to turn on Location Services for the Compass app. We are now ready to plug those numbers into the proportion and solving. A degree of longitude at 45 degrees. If your latitude and longitude coordinates do not look like the decimal degrees in the previous section, our tool can likely still accept them. Seamen had long used the position of the sun or North Star in the sky to figure out latitude — that is, the distance from the equator in the north-south direction, according to The Conversation. Most of the time, we need to convert latitude and longitude to a 2D point to display. GPS & Math NCTM 2003 2 of 27 Some Mathematics Remember that the speed of light is 186,272 miles per second. 5th Grade Latitude And Longitude - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept. Longitudes and Latitudes - Mathematics Form 4. as a result, each nation developed according to its distinctive geographic location and limitations. The equator is the center line of latitude. The longitude problem. For example, New York is 74. Start studying Mathematics: Latitude and Longitude. Leave a few feet of extra black yarn on either end of those lines. They participate in a simulation of delivering a package by following a directions on a map. Latitude lines are also known as parallels since they are parallel and are an equal distant from each other. Worksheets are Latitude and longitude, Latitude longitude and hemispheres, Latitude longitude, Finding your location throughout the world, Longitude and latitude, Latitude and longitude pre, Latitude and longitude, Latitude and longitude. , 110°W or 30°S). For longitude this isn’t the case: the position of Polaris does not change as you move East or West, varying your longitude. When the students come to class they are divided into 2 teams and play similar to the battleship game. (Geography and aviation) • The angular position above the horizon of an observer. Geography Latitude And Longitude. The solution to the problem depends implicitly on specific knowledge that students to whom the problem has been offered might or might not possess. When looking at a map, latitude lines run horizontally. Our online latitude and longitude trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top latitude and longitude quizzes. The longitude rewards were the system of inducement prizes offered by the British government for a simple and practical method for the precise determination of a ship's longitude at sea. Learning objectives should use action verbs. The longest is the equator, whose latitude is zero, while at the poles, at latitudes 90° north and 90° south (or -90°), the circles shrink to a point. Apply your method to find the precise latitute and longitude coordinates. x = longitude*60*1852*cos(latitude) y = latitude*60*1852 Latitude and longitude must be in decimal degrees, x and y are in meters. The next section looks at the latitude/longitude and UTM conversions in more detail. If you are looking for a way to determine your latitude and longitude go to the find location page. These instructions are necessary for completing the Community Mapping Experiment Summary Form. Compare great-circle and small-circle routes on the surface of the Earth. Earth in 3D and see the lines of latitude and longitude crisscrossing the globe. This little book tells the story of how inventors attempted to solve the vexing problem of obtaining a critical part in calculating longitude -- having a reliable. Each minute can be divided into 60 seconds ("). All in all, it can be taught in a lesson to a good group in year 10, maybe a bit longer if proving step c), with practice for a couple of sessions. The primary unit in which longitude and latitude are given is degrees (°). Weekly no prep books from edHelper combine worksheets, reading comprehension, printables, and puzzles. com : World Map with Latitude and Longitude - Laminated (36. Actually, latitude and longitude are both imaginary lines drawn on a map or a globe in order to locate the position of a place or a region on the earth's surface. See related science and technology articles, photos, slideshows and videos. To the west, the numbers decrease until -180 degrees meets 180 degrees in the middle of the ocean. Convert lat & long to address. Encourage your student to complete this longitude worksheet to exercise a tricky early geography skill. The latitude and longitude are located on maps of the earth. Start studying Latitude & Longitude Quiz. Worksheets are Latitude and longitude, Latitude longitude and hemispheres, Latitude longitude, Finding your location throughout the world, Longitude and latitude, Latitude and longitude pre, Latitude and longitude, Latitude and longitude. Weekly no prep books from edHelper combine worksheets, reading comprehension, printables, and puzzles. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Latitude and Longitude. Learn about latitude and Longitude in this map skills sheet. The FreeVBCode site provides free Visual Basic code, examples, snippets, and articles on a variety of other topics as well. Lines of latitude are imaginary horizontal lines that circle the globe. Our online latitude and longitude trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top latitude and longitude quizzes. Make sure they understand how latitude and longitude are recorded (e. " Moving to lines of longitude, they run perpendicular to lines of latitude. These angles can be in degrees or radians; however, degrees are far more common in geographic notation. Using a spherical world globe and demonstrate that the globe is bisected north to south between the poles by an imaginary line called the prime meridian , and east to west through its center by. 070000 seconds. Calculate distance between latitude longitude pairs with Python - haversine. All in all, it can be taught in a lesson to a good group in year 10, maybe a bit longer if proving step c), with practice for a couple of sessions. China Coordinates. To make a search, use the name of a place, city, state, or address, or click the location on the map to find lat long coordinates. Plotting a surface plot for latitude, longitude Learn more about surf, mesh, plot. (b) Now the latitude: At the equator, the latitude is mapped to the y-axis by the same factor as you used for the longitude. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Geography Latitude And Longitude. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Latitude and longitude, Finding your location throughout the world, Longitudes latitudes, Longitude and latitude, Latitude and longitude, Latitude and longitude, Mapping the world, Where is here. Each degree can be broken into 60 minutes ('). The origin of the xy-grid is the intersection of the 0-degree meridian and the equator, where x is positive East and y is positive North. Mathematics is concerned with numbers, data, quantity, structure, space, models, and change. A global address is given as two numbers called coordinates. The Greek astronomer Hipparchus defined latitude in this way over 2000 years ago. If your latitude and longitude coordinates do not look like the decimal degrees in the previous section, our tool can likely still accept them. You can share the China Gps Coordinates with anyone using the share link above. Use spherical coordinates with the origin at the centre of the sphere. Double check that is the case and that you’ve included a comma between the numbers. Every point in space is assigned a set of spherical coordinates of the form In case you're not in a sorority or fraternity, is the lowercase Greek letter rho, […]. When the students come to class they are divided into 2 teams and play similar to the battleship game. The factor that causes students feeling difficulty in solving ratio is the students who accustomed to using the formula contained in the book. The calculator supports many common latitude/longitude formats. When working with latitude and longitude in social studies, the up/down--north/south or latitude coordinate is listed first and followed by the left/right--east/west or longitude position. Use L to represent the starting point latitude. These angles can be in degrees or radians; however, degrees are far more common in geographic notation. One other important way these longitude lines differ from parallel latitude lines is that lines of longitude are not parallel, and in fact converge at both the North and South poles. The above map shows the China coordinates, latitude longitude, and address. Map Coordinates of mouse displays the latitude and longitude in degrees, minutes, seconds decimal, degrees minutes decimal and degrees decimal of the current mouse location. This is the shortest distance between these two cities along the surface of the Earth. com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. A degree of longitude at 45 degrees. i show more hi there, i'm having trouble with this question. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Latitude can be measured using the position of Polaris above the horizon because that position changes as you move North or South, that is, as you vary your latitude. Type an address into the search field in the map. The longest is the equator, whose latitude is zero, while at the poles, at latitudes 90° north and 90° south (or -90°), the circles shrink to a point. 0° N) and the south poles is at -90 degrees latitude (or 90. for the latitude value and 3' 07" for the longitude value. For those who are in a rush for the solution and don't need all the background information, jump to the longitude latitude code. Type an address into the search field in the map. y = latitude*60*1852 Latitude and longitude must be in decimal degrees, x and y are in meters. In a similar way to the x and y coordinates that we are familiar with, a special coordinate system is used. Innovations in England » Clockmaker John Harrison demonstrates a workable timepiece for finding longitude at sea. Hipparchus was the first to specify the positions of places on the Earth using latitude and longitude as coordinates. Using the Latitude Longitude Coordinate System. Latitude and Longitude are at the core of map reading, in that they are the imaginary lines which lay on the surface of the earth to form a matrix of coordinates. Just copy the values for longitude and latitude. (Sometimes latitude is counted negative for points in the Southern Hemisphere). A degree of longitude at 45 degrees. A latitude reading will tell you how far north or south a location is. There is no equivalent of Polaris in the south, but to find your latitude if you are in the southern hemisphere you can use a constellation called the Southern cross (illustrated on the flag of Australia) and two stars called the Southern Pointers. Each degree of latitude is approximately 69 miles (111 km) apart; there is a variation due to the fact that the earth is not a perfect sphere but an oblate ellipsoid (slightly egg-shaped). You can explore the world to find new countries to visit, or calculate the distance between countries to see how many frequent flyer miles you'll get for your next international flight. The other three cards (world map, poles, and globes with both latitude and longitude) are simply. Start studying Latitude & Longitude Quiz. Calculate Area of Circle Sector given radius and central angle in degrees.